Landscape design has been viewed traditionally as in Germany and other German-speaking
countries. According to this traditional concept, landscape already has the following functions: (1
Protection of persons, animals and property; (2) Production (of biomass, water, vegetation,
etc.|This traditional view of landscape design reveals that it already serves the following
functions: (1) Protection of people, animals, and property; (2) Production (of biomass water,
vegetation, and so on).|This traditional concept states that landscape has the following functions.
(1) Protection of persons, animals, and property. (2) Production (of biomass or water,
vegetation, etc.|According to this traditional idea, landscape already has the following functions.}
(3) Beauty (of landscapes); (4th) Masonry and ornamentation. These functions are used to
define landscape design and its designing.
This outdated view of landscape function was wrong. Modern landscape planners in different
parts of the world now acknowledge the fact that natural systems and habitats do not only serve
as protective boundaries but also support biological diversity and robustness of ecosystems.
They help produce food and other essential nutrients for human societies. Ecosystems also
support biodiversity by reducing pressure on extinction thresholds, and enhancing the stability in
species community relationships. The natural systems in the ecosystem can also act as a filter
for anthropogenic impacts by reducing or even eliminating some pollutants from the air.
In addition, biological landscapes are created through processes of accretion and contraction.
These processes cause biological landscape features to change. Examples of these processes
include the establishment and growth of islands and deltas, development and expansion of coral
reefs, and the movement of wildlife. A number of human activities, such as farming, construction,
and logging, can also cause changes to habitats.
Cultural landscapes, on other hand, are the visual culture created in the environment by people
(natural landscapes as well as social landscapes). Cultural landscapes can include art,
architecture, historic landmarks, communities, or individual artistic creations. Climate,
topography, language, tradition, family creeds, and climate all influence cultural landscapes.
All functions of the landscape have an effect on us. This includes the creation of a habitat that
allows people to thrive and prosper, as well as the maintenance of this habitat. Other landscape
features like water, food, or energy are also important for human needs. Landscape design is a
key contribution of humans to ecosystems.
Different landscape characteristics can affect soil fertility and erosion. Poor site selection, overwatering, or unsuitable soil types are some of the reasons for soil fertility problems. Other
causes of soil loss include poor surface drainage, inadequate fertilizer application and planting
above low water levels. These factors can lead to soil deficiencies and nutrient concentrations,
which can then cause water or nutrient polluting.
Human activities can have a significant impact on the health of both human habitats as well as
their ecological systems. Urban landscapes are often characterized by human activity, which
includes the movement of people and goods, as well as pesticides and waste materials. While
the impact of human activities on ecosystems is not fully understood yet, it has been shown by
some improvements in infrastructure, design and increased public awareness that land-use can
reduce the amount land-fertility lost through natural processes as well as increase the
biodiversity of ecosystems. Landscape architecture can play a crucial role in conserving
biodiversity and improving human habitat health by integrating people with nature and the
Many natural landscapes can also be altered for one’s purposes. One reason could be to make a
site more attractive or to enhance the environment around one’s house. It may also be to protect
or improve access to public facilities or to ensure the protection of assets such as water sources,
wildlife refuges, and historically-significant sites or artifacts